티스토리 뷰


Issac Newton의 'Principia'와 Albert Einstein의 '논문집'


  학문에 뜻이 있는 분들이나 과학/공학을 좋아하는 분들이라면, '좋은 논문'을 쓰고 싶다는 생각을 한번쯤 해보셨을 겁니다. 하지만, 신기하게도 대학이나 대학원에서 좋은 논문을 쓰는 법을 따로 배우는 것은 아닌 것 같습니다. 물론, 시중에 '논문작성법'에 관한 책들도 있고 인터넷 자료들도 있습니다만, 대부분의 사람들이 다른 논문들을 읽어가면서, 논문의 전개 방법과 양식을 배우는 경우가 많은 것 같습니다. '논문 어떻게 써야 되요?'라고 물으면, '써 보면서 배우는 거지, 누가 가르쳐주는게 아니다~'라는 대답이 돌아오기도 합니다. (물론 이런 경험이 없는 '행운아' 분들도 있습니다.)

  아래는 작년에 문득 < '좋은 논문'이란 어떤 것인가? >를 고민하다가 찾아서 갈무리 해놓았던 글입니다.
'HOW-TO-STUDY' 에서 발췌한 '좋은 논문을 위한 10 단계'입니다. 간단명료하지만, 많은 도움이 되었던 것 같습니다.
(실제로, 작년에 논문 진행을 이 단계에 맞춰서 준비해 보았던 기억이 나네요~)

다른 분들께도 혹시 도움이 될까해서 공유합니다. ^_^*




Ten Steps to a Good Research Paper

To write a good research paper, you must be specific about your topic, know what you want to say, and say it effectively. Following these ten steps will help you write a good research paper.


  • Step 1. Choose Your Topic. When choosing a topic, choose one in which you are interested, and for which there is enough information. If your topic is too broad, you will have difficulty completing your paper. "The Effects of Pollution" is too broad because there are so many effects of pollution. "The Effects of Pollution on Geese in the Northeast Section of Duluth, Minnesota" is too narrow. You are not likely to find much information that is this specific. "The Effects of Pollution in Yosemite National Park" is just about right as a topic.

 

  • Step 2. Locate Information. Use information from a variety ofreference sources. These sources include encyclopedias, almanacs, scholarly journals, books, magazines, and newspapers. Find these sources in print form, on CD-ROMS, and on the Internet.

 

  • Step 3. Prepare Bibliography Cards. Prepare bibliography cards to document the sources of information you use when writing your paper. Your library will have style manuals to illustrate how to prepare bibliography cards for various sources of information.

 

  • Step 4. Prepare Note Cards. Use note cards to record notes from each source you use when writing your paper. Number your note cards to keep track of them.

 

  • Step 5. Prepare an Outline. Write an outline for your paper by organizing your notes from the note cards into topics, subtopics, details, and subdetails. Use an organization such as: 
I. (topic)
A. (subtopic)
1. (detail)
a. (subdetail)

  • Step 6. Write A Rough Draft. Use your note cards and outline to write a rough draft of your paper. As you write your draft, use numbered footnotes to credit sources from which you take quotations or major ideas.

 

  • Step 7. Revise Your Rough Draft. Make any changes needed to be sure your ideas are clearly expressed and your writing has accurate spelling and grammar.

 

  • Step 8. Prepare Your Bibliography. At the end of your paper, provide a list of all the sources you used to gather information for the paper. Your bibliography cards will provide this information. List your sources in alphabetical order by the first word on each of your bibliography cards.

 

  • Step 9. Prepare a Title Page and Table of Contents. The title page is the first page of the paper. It should include the title of your paper, your name, and the date on which the paper is due. The table of contents is the second page. It should list the main topics, important subtopics, and the page on which each is introduced in your paper.]

 

  • Step 10. Final Checklist. Before handing in your paper, be sure you can answer "Yes" to each of the following questions.
    • Did I include a title page?
    • Did I include a table of contents?
    • Did I number all pages correctly?
    • Did I provide footnotes for quotations and major sources of information?
    • Did I include a bibliography?
    • Did I keep a second copy for my files?



Following these ten steps will help you write a good research paper.

댓글
댓글쓰기 폼